Bermuda II was a bilateral air services agreement between the governments of the United Kingdom and the United States, signed on 23 July 1977 to renegotiate the original 1946 Bermuda Air Transport Agreement. [1] [2] [3] The United States and the European Union (EU) (including the United Kingdom) signed a new Open Skies Agreement on 30 April 2007, which entered into force on 30 March 2008, replacing Bermuda II. [4] Between the conclusion of the Chicago Conference and the Bermuda meeting, the United States concluded bilateral agreements with Ireland, Sweden, Norway and Denmark, which provide for reciprocal transatlantic services without limitation of the tariffs, frequency or capacity of the transatlantic service. . . .